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Fresh eyes can help you find things you may not otherwise have experienced.

Below are a few plain facts to consider when proofreading and editing:

The Purdue OWL website has a lot more detail in the proofreading process.

Students regularly underestimate the time it takes to write an essay, in particular the look and researching stages.

Before you start your essay, take a look at the Massey University assignment planning calculator.
You are surprised the length of time the process that is whole!

If you only start your essay a few days before the due date, you will have to do things too quickly as you can see from the assignment planning calculator.

You need time for you to mix all the ingredients properly, or perhaps the end result will never be what you want to share with you with others! if you think associated with the essay/cake analogy,

To publish a 1000 word essay, ideally you should allow yourself about 3 weeks.

Let’s take a look at how an essay time management ‘cake’ could possibly be split into slices:

You can see that the part that is biggest of your energy is spent on the planning/research elements and redrafting/editing/proofreading elements, which together should comprise around 60% of your time.

Check out another model to also see what you need certainly to consider:

Here is the final type of the essay that is chocolate. You may want to download it as a document that is pdf.

Since Spanish explorers cut back chocolate from the “” new world “”, chocolate consumption is now a phenomenon that is worldwide. To start with, chocolate, a derivative of the cacao bean, was consumed as a drink, only later achieving mass popularity in tablet or bar form. However, chocolate’s inherent popularity does not equate to it possessing healthy properties, as suggested by the title. The realities of chocolate tend to be more down to earth; a number among these realities will be addressed in this article. Chocolate has chemical properties that will influence mood and there is evidence that is possible some positive impacts of chocolate on cardiovascular health. Yet, such positive attributes are counterbalanced somewhat by the argument that, in certain instances, chocolate can be viewed a drug in the place of a food. Moreover, you have the possibility of some correlation between over-consumption of chocolate and obesity. Thus, it is argued that despite chocolate’s positive effect in some cases on mood additionally the cardiovascular system it has additionally been associated with addiction and obesity.

Consumption of chocolate is something that numerous enjoy, and there is evidence (Parker, Parker, & Brotchie, 2006) that high carbohydrate foods such as for instance chocolate do have a ‘feel good’ effect. Moreover, Scholey and Owen (2013) in a systematic breakdown of the literature in the field point out several studies, such as for instance Macht and Dettmer (2006) and Macht and Mueller (2007), which appear to confirm this effect. Yet, as Parker, Parker and Brotchie (2006, p. 150) note, the mood results of chocolate “are as ephemeral as holding a chocolate in one’s mouth”. In addition, mood is one thing this is certainly tough to isolate and quantify, and apart from the study by Macht and Dettmer (2006) there seems to be little research on any more term mood affecting influences of chocolate. Another point is raised by Macht and Dettmer (2006) professional custom writing service, whose study found that positive responses to chocolate correlated more with anticipation and temporary pleasure that is sensory whereas guilt has also been a statistically significant factor for a lot of, for whom the ‘feel-good’ effect will be minimalised. Since these authors stress, “temporal tracking of both positive and negative emotions” (p.335) before and after consuming chocolate in future studies may help in further knowing the ‘feel good’ effect and more negative emotions.

Another possible influence that is positive of is upon cardiovascular health. Chocolate, processed accordingly, may be a provider of significant quantities of heart-friendly flavanols (Hannum, Schmitz, & Keen, 2002) that assist in delaying blood clotting and inflammation that is reducingSchramm et al., 2001). Such attributes of flavanols in chocolate should be considered when you look at the context of chocolate’s other components – approximately 30% fat, 61% carbohydrate, 6% protein and 3% liquid and minerals (Hannum, Schmitz, & Keen, 2002). The key to maximising the advantages of flavanols in chocolate seems to lie in the known amount of fats present. Cocoa, that is simply chocolate without the fat, is one of obvious candidate for maximising heart health, but as Hannum, Schmitz and Keen (2002) note, cocoa products that are most are made through an alkali process which destroys many flavanols. Optimal maximisation of the flavanols involves compounds that are such present in cocoa and chocolate products at levels where these are typically biologically active (Ariefdjohan & Savaiano, 2005).

The biological makeup of chocolate is also relevant in determining whether chocolate is better seen as a food or a drug, however the boundaries between indulgence and behaviour that is addictive unclear. Chocolate contains some biologically active elements including methylxanthines, and cannabinoid-like unsaturated fatty acids (Bruinsma & Taren, 1999) that could represent a neurochemical dependency potential for chocolate, yet are present in exceedingly a small amount. Interestingly, and linked to chocolate and mood, Macdiarmid and Hetherington (1995) claim their study unearthed that “self-identified chocolate ‘addicts’” reported a negative correlation between chocolate consumption and mood. This will be perhaps indicative of addictive or compulsive type behaviour. However, as Bruinsma and Taren (1999) note, eating chocolate can represent a sensory reward based, luxurious indulgence, based around texture, aroma and flavour anticipation, in place of a neurochemically induced craving. Yet, it has been argued that chocolate can be used as a kind of self-medication, especially in reference to magnesium deficiency. A report by Pennington (2000 in Steinberg, Bearden, & Keen 2003) noted that women do not generally meet US guidelines for trace elements, including magnesium. This correlates with earlier tests by Abraham and Lubran (1981), who found a correlation that is high magnesium deficiency and nervous tension in women. Thus, tension-related chocolate cravings might be a biological entity fuelled by magnesium deficiency. Overall, however, any difficulty . the proportion of people chocolate that is using a drug instead of a food based sensory indulgence is small, though further research might prove enlightening.

A point that is final consider with regards to chocolate could be the perception that chocolate is linked to obesity. One is thought as carrying excess fat when their Body Mass Index is more than 30. The literature on chocolate and obesity has clearly demonstrated that we now have no specific correlations between the two variables (Beckett, 2008; Lambert, 2009). This really is typified by the findings of Mellor (2013), who unearthed that, during a period of eight weeks of eating 45 grams of chocolate each day, a team of adults demonstrated no weight increase that is significant. As Lambert (2009) notes, chocolate consumption alone is not expected to cause obesity, unless large amounts of other calorie dense foods are consumed and this calorie dense intake is greater than required for bodily function, allowing for amounts of activity. The‘chocoholic’ that is stereotypical more likely to consume many other sweet foods and start to become less likely to take exercise than many other people, so chocolate consumption is only one possible variable when contemplating the sources of obesity.

Chocolate and obesity consumption appears to have no proven correlations. Yet, in this article, many chocolate focused arguments have been presented, like the transient effectation of chocolate on mood plus the fact that it is as expected to create feelings of guilt as of well-being. Another possible dimension that is positive chocolate is a correlation with cardiovascular health. Yet the potential advantages of flavanols in chocolate are currently offset because of the fat/carbohydrate that is high on most types of chocolate. Whether chocolate is a food or a drug is also unclear. The literature outlines the chemical properties of chocolate which could help explain some addictive type behaviour, especially in relation to nervous tension in women, but there is also a solid research give attention to chocolate as a sensory-based indulgence. It may therefore be said that chocolate is certainly not a healthy food, but can be enjoyed as an element of a wholesome and balanced lifestyle and diet.

‘Integrity’ relates to ‘honesty’, and academic integrity involves writing in a genuine way, in order for no one will think you will be claiming that words or ideas from somebody else are your own. This is very important in academic writing in western countries, and you might be accused of plagiarism, which is a serious offence at university if you do not do this.

Plagiarism means using someone else’s words, ideas or diagrams without acknowledgement.

Of course, when we write an essay we need to refer to other people’s ideas. We gave a few of the good reasons for this before:

  • To demonstrate respect for other people’s ideas and work
  • To clearly identify information coming from another source
  • To differentiate an source that is external your interpretation or your own personal findings
  • To guide your own arguments, this provides you with you more credibility
  • To exhibit proof of wide (and understood) reading
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